In this two pages we will talk about Romanian Economy and different factors which influence it. Firstly, I must say that
has a population of 22 millions people, so it’s not a big country. In fact, Romania is the
52-nd placed in the world. Accordind to this fact, our PIB is almost 170
billion USD, which means actually the
70-th place in the entire world. Romania
The main occupation in my country is other services (42 percent), followed nearly by agriculture (35 percent) and finally industry, with 23 percent.
The export is almost 68 billions USD and we export mainly to
( 19 %), Italy (13%), France
(6%), Turkey, Hungary, and others. The main exported
things are machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, metals and metal
products, etc. UK
The imports are bigger than exports ( a thing that I am not proud of) and values approximately 80 billions USD. The main ‘import partenerns’ are
(17%), Italy (12%), France (8%), Turkey,
Hungary, , etc. We
import especially machinery, usual goods, featwear, etc. China
The most important branches of industry are the oil industry and natural gas. The main oil resources are in the Carpathian foothills, near
the entrance from Step Predeal. Oil
production was controlled rigidly by the Romanian government, although there
are some foreign companies with interests in excess of this. Total oil production was 6.24 million tons in 1939 . Ploiesti
Tobacco that originated in the bulk of the Danube Plain was of poor quality, but it was the main source of income for local people. Compared with Balkan tobacco, tobacco leaf had a poor Romanian and was untreated.
In the automobile industry, is producing oil equipment for land and marine drilling platforms in Ploiesti , Targoviste , Bacau , Bucharest and Galati , mining machinery in Baia Mare , Petrosani and Sibiu , machine tools in Bucharest, Oradea , Arad , Rasnov and Targoviste and fine mechanics products industry.
Tractors are produced in Brasov ,
Craiova, Miercurea-Ciuc ,
and other agricultural machinery in Bucharest, Piatra Neamt , and Botosani . Locomotives
are produced in Bucharest and Craiova, wagons Arad , Caracal , Drobeta-Turnu Severin , cars in
Pitesti, Craiova, Campulung Muscel , trucks buses from
Brasov to Bucharest ships in Constanta , Giurgiu , Olteniţa and
aircraft in Bucharest, Bacau , Brasov and Craiova. Timisoara
Before 1990 ,
produced over 40,000
tractors per year. In 2001 , their number had fallen to 5,300 pieces, and in 2006 reported domestic companies to manufacture 3,300
units . After closing the plant in Romania , in 2007, the domestic industry has collapsed to just a few dozen
units per year. Domestic production is performed by Mat Craiova and Mechanics Ceahlău . Brasov
The chemical industry has developed in recent decades because of a wide range of raw material in the country: quantities of salt, sulfur, potassium, resinous wood, reeds, gas, livestock products. Salt processing industry has developed Borzeşti, Govora, Târnăveni and
. Sulfuric acid is produced in Baia Mare , Zlatna , Copşa Minor , Turnu
Magurele , Călugărească Valley and Năvodari . Giurgiu
Petrochemical industry produces synthetic rubber from petrochemical plants to trees and Borzeşti, plastics in Ploiesti, Fagaras , trees, Borzeşti, Pitesti, synthetic yarn and Botosani Săvineşti, Roman, Iasi. Chemical and pulp and paper industry are represented by numerous centers throughout the country. It produces drugs and cosmetics, dyes, paints and detergents.
Wood processing industry has considerable forest resources. The wood processing mills are producing particle board, fiberboard, veneer, plywood, furniture. The most important units are in mountain and foothill areas in Suceava, Bistrita, Focsani, Pitesti forthe Miami, Arad, Targu Mures, Reghin, Satu Mare, Bucharest, Braila and Constanta.
Light and food industries have tradition in
since there are significant domestic raw materials basis. Highlights are the cotton, wool processing industry,
apparel and knitwear in Romania ,
Botosani, sugar industry, oils, wines and bakery. Bucharest
The decision of the World Trade Organization oversaw the steady decline in rates since 1995, when it was signed in Marrakech Textile and Clothing Agreement, meaning that all WTO members should open their doors to unlimited imports from Asia. Especially from China, which is the main beneficiary of these economic measures. For Romania, this measure was a double blow: first, the internal market for goods already suffocated with Chinese entrance and it will be almost impossible recaptured after removal of imports quotas; secondly, Romanian exports to the European Union was the traditional market, with a share of 85% of textile exports, then, it will be increasingly difficult to maintain this market.
[artigo de opinião produzido no âmbito da unidade curricular “Economia Portuguesa e Europeia” do 3º ano do curso de Economia (1ºciclo) da EGG/UMinho]